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  • 4 Things to Do Now That the 2018 Fee Schedule Is Out

    By now, most physical therapists (PTs) have heard the news: the final 2018 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) released in early November by the US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) included some significant variations from the PFS proposed in July. Instead of finalizing CPT code values that were the same as—and occasionally larger than—current values, CMS opted to offer up a more complicated combination of cuts and increases that could affect PTs in different ways, depending on their case-mix and billing patterns.

    So what should PTs do in the wake of the new PFS? Here are APTA's top 4 suggestions.

    1. Know the design process for the fee schedule.
    It's important to understand what led to the changes to provide context, a slight sense of relief, and a reminder of why payment needs to move toward value-based models and away from fee-for-service.

    The PFS now set to debut January 1, 2018, is the CMS response to an American Medical Association (AMA) committee's recommendation on potentially "misvalued" codes associated with a wide range of professions, not just physical therapy. When the process began in early 2016, many predicted that the final outcome would be deep cuts to nearly all valuations—as much as 10% or more overall. APTA and its members fought hard to substantiate the validity of the current valuations, and even the need for increases in some areas. The end result was a significant improvement from where things were headed at the start of the process.

    That's not to say it's been an entirely satisfying process from start to finish. This recent PT in Motion News story goes into more detail about the sometimes-frustrating journey from points A to B.

    2. Understand what's being changed.
    Just about everything that happens at CMS is complicated, and the process that led to the new CPT code valuations is no exception. Still, a working knowledge of how CPT codes are valued is helpful in understanding why the PFS contains such a mix of positives and negatives.

    One important thing to understand is that code valuation is actually a stew of 3 separate elements, known as relative value units (RVUs). These are estimations of the labor, expense, and possible professional liability involved in performing any given treatment or evaluation task associated with a CPT code. The 3 types of RVUs are known as "work," "practice expense" (PE), and "professional liability." The coding valuation differences between the proposed and final PFS were due to changes to the PE RVUs only.

    This wasn't part of the proposed rule. While the AMA Relative Value Scale Update Committee Health Care Professions Advisory Committee did recommend changes to PE RVUs, CMS initially opted to not adopt those suggestions. When the final rule was released 3 months later, CMS—without seeking input from APTA or any other stakeholders—did an about-face and adopted the changes to PE RVUs.

    So what? The answer is twofold: first, the tweaks to PE RVUs mean it's difficult to make many sweeping generalizations about how the new PFS will affect individual practices and clinics; second, it's worth noting that individual work RVUs either remained unchanged or increased.

    A more detailed explanation of how the codes were affected is available in an APTA fact sheet on the 2018 PFS (listed under "APTA Summaries and Fact Sheets"). For a more complete explanation of RVUs and the differences between the 3 types, check out this APTA podcast on the CPT valuation process.

    3. Get a sense of how you might be affected.
    A sense of history and understanding of detail are all well and good, but the bottom line is your bottom line.

    Here's the complication with the 2018 PFS: because of the wide variation in upward and downward adjustments, it's hard to make statements about how PTs in general will be affected. CMS estimates the overall impact at a 1%-2% reduction, but a lot depends on the types of patients a PT or clinic typically sees and what interventions are commonly used. Some providers could see increases.

    In an effort to clear up some of the uncertainty, APTA offers a calculator than can help you see how your typical case-mix would fare in the new PFS. The calculator, offered in Microsoft Excel, allows you to enter different codes to see what changes to expect, given your Medicare service area.

    4. Keep learning.
    There's much more to understand about the PFS—not just in terms of the details of how the new rule will work, but in terms of APTA's work to safeguard CPT codes throughout the misvalued codes review process.

    One great way to learn more about what to expect is coming up in December, when the association hosts a free webinar on Medicare changes for 2018 on December 6 from 1:00 pm to 2:00 pm ET. The webinar will be presented in a "flipped" format, meaning that when you register, you'll be provided with a prerecorded presentation to listen to in advance. That way, more of the actual session can be devoted to live interaction with the presenters. Be sure to sign up—and listen up—soon.

    Another opportunity is available December 13, when APTA hosts an "Insider Intel" phone-in session that will cover many of the same topics, albeit in a pared-down 30-minute session, from 2:00 pm to 2:30 pm ET. Instructions for signing up for this session are on APTA's Insider Intel webpage.


    • Pls send highlights to my email

      Posted by Amado Mendoza on 11/23/2017 7:37 AM

    • This is NOT a question of "types of patients a PT or clinic sees", this is the most common procedures PTs use, including ther ex. Sugar coating it doesn't help!

      Posted by Bobbie Hurt on 12/1/2017 2:04 PM

    • AMA Relative Value Scale Update Committee Health Care Professions Advisory Committee (Does APTA have a seat on this committee?) The committee did recommend changes to PE RVUs, CMS initially opted to not adopt those suggestions. When the final rule was released 3 months later, CMS—without seeking input from APTA or any other stakeholders—did an about-face and adopted the changes to PE RVUs. From the information provided, it seems that someone on the update committee or other stakeholders exerted additional leverage between the time CMS opted to not to adopt suggestions and the final rule process 3 months later. APTA needs to have a seat at every table, including CMS where the value of our services are being considered and payment is being determined.

      Posted by Betty Fackler -> @KQ\A on 12/5/2017 12:15 AM

    • My PT's (I'm the biller) are now getting pay cuts. That's the upshot. I just got the 1st EFT's with 2018 allowables on them and I want to inquire of CMS if all of their executives are taking pay cuts like we are? Likely no. I am appalled. My PT's are disheartened, as am I, that after 10+ years of discussion we are still be paid by time, not complexity! I'm happy to talk to anyone at the APTA, or jump on some committee though I'm only the biller/AR person at present. I used to be the office manager. Where is the APTA lobbying for us? Thank you. Nan Haemer

      Posted by Nan Haemer on 2/2/2018 3:26 PM

    • please send any updates that may come

      Posted by Brandi Whittenberg on 3/7/2018 10:27 AM

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