Exercise treatment has an important role in achieving long-term recovery of problems occurring with cervical spondylosis, say authors of an article published online ahead of print January 19 in Rheumatology International.
Patients for this study were randomized into 3 groups. The first group (n = 20) received active and passive physical therapy methods, the second group (n = 20) received active treatment methods, and the third group (n = 20) received medication, including nonsteroid anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxing medicines. The first and second groups received individual exercise treatment according to their current problems as determined by the assessment.
Pain recovery was found to be significant after treatment and long-term follow-up for all 3 groups. Disability improvement was significant in all groups after treatment and 3 months and only in the first group after 6 months. Quality of life improvement was significant in all groups after treatment, at 3 months, and in the first and second groups at 6 months. Psychological recovery was significant in all groups after treatment and in the first and second groups during long-term follow-up. It was determined that patient satisfaction did not change in the first and second groups, but it decreased in the third group during long-term follow-up. There was more improvement in the 2 groups receiving exercise treatment than in the group receiving medical treatment.