Following knee replacement surgery, patients' physical activity levels are significantly lower than what they expected they would be, says a Reuters Health article based on study in The Journal of Arthroplasty.
Researchers surveyed 83 patients with arthritis who were about to have a knee replaced, then questioned them again 1 year after the procedure. At the time of surgery, study participants reported that they were active about 2 hours a week, "mostly doing moderate-intensity activities such as yard work, strength training, and walking."
The patients expected to spend about 23 hours per week exercising 1 year after their surgery, the article says. According to the second survey, people were more active postsurgery but not to the degree that they had anticipated, averaging 11 hours a week of activity.
Lead author and APTA member Dina Jones, PT, PhD, said the reason people's expectations don't match reality is likely because those expectations are rarely brought up in presurgery conversations, which usually focus on the knee's function immediately after the operation.
Even if surgeons don't always discuss long-term exercise goals with patients, "from the data we've collected I don't see anything that says physicians are telling people they'll have more function than they used to," Jones told Reuters Health.
Jones and her colleagues are working on developing educational pamphlets and presentations that would help people manage their exercise-related expectations for after knee replacement.
APTA member James J. Irrgang, PT, PhD, ATC, coauthored the study.
APTA members were prominent once again at the annual Safe Patient Handling and Movement Conference, held March 18-22, in Orlando, Florida. APTA member Kenneth Harwood, PT, PhD, CIE, welcomed the nearly 700 participants on behalf of APTA. A highlight of the conference was an awards presentation in which association member Marc Campo, PT, PhD, and research partner Amy Darragh, PhD, OTR, received the Bernice Owens Award for Research in Safe Patient Handling. In their presentation, Campo and Darragh reported that "… therapists are getting injured at work … and these injuries affect their productivity and quality of life. In addition, safe patient handling strategies were found to prevent injuries and may actually help patients." In addition to Harwood's presentation, other presentations were provided by APTA members Margaret Arnold, PT, CEES, Drew Bossen, PT, MBA, Judith Burnfield, PT, PhD, Patti Mechan, PT, MPH, CCS, Stephanie Radawiec, PT, DPT, MHS, Alexandra Rella, PT,DPT, and Kathleen Rockefeller, PT, ScD, MPH, MS.
APTA cosponsored the conference, which has been held for 12 years, with the American Nurses Association, the Veterans Health Administration, and the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.
Pelvic floor muscle training is effective for treating adult women with urinary incontinence (UI) without risk of side effects, according to a new report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The report also found that drug-based treatments can be effective, but the degree of benefit is low and side effects are common.
In response to a request from the public, AHRQ funded a systematic review of the clinical research to determine what is known about the comparative effectiveness, benefits, and adverse effects of UI interventions for women and the utility of methods for diagnosis and treatment evaluation. The systematic review included 905 publications presenting the results of clinical studies published from January 1990 through December 2011.
Researchers concentrated on 2 types of incontinence—stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles were found to be effective in increasing women's ability to hold their urine. Pelvic floor muscle training combined with bladder training improved mixed (stress and urgency) incontinence, the report found. Estrogen treatment was found to be effective in treating stress incontinence, but with some side effects. Another drug treatment, the antidepressant duloxetine, was not found to be effective, while carrying high risk of side effects.
Overall, the report found that the drugs reviewed showed similar effectiveness. However, with some drugs, more women discontinued treatment due to bothersome side effects.
The full report is available from AHRQ. A summary is provided to clinicians to inform discussions of options with patients and to assist in decision making along with consideration of a patient's values and preferences.
Physical therapists are invited to share programs, best practices, or research study through poster presentations at the International Council on Active Aging Conference, November 29-December 1, in New Orleans.
The International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) is seeking 3 categories of posters:
Peer reviewers will evaluate proposals based on adherence to the criteria listed in the Call for Poster Presentations. The deadline for poster applications is May 4.