Infectious Disease Control

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that "health care associated infections (HAI) are a threat to patient safety." These infections can be as common as influenza (flu) or as rare as Ebola. This page provides information to assist physical therapists and physical therapist assistants in protecting and preventing their patients and clients from the spread of infection in their health care setting.

In The News

Introductory information about some infections found in the news.


CRE (antibiotic resistant)



Prevention and Safety

Preventive measures are key to preventing and managing the spread of infections, and provides a safe environment for your patients and clients.

Infection Prevention Guides in Outpatient Settings

Infection Prevention Checklist

In Outpatient Settings

Minimum Expectations for Safe Care

Disinfection in the Clinic

Laundry: Washing Infected Material

Sterilization or Disinfection of Medical Devices

OSHA Compliance with Bloodborne Pathogens Standard

Information for Employers Complying with OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard

Prevent Transmission of Infectious Agents

Bloodborne Pathogens

Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents

Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette

Transmission-Based Precautions

Health Care Associated Infections (HAI)

Physical therapists are ultimately responsible for the care of their patients, and should be aware and adhere to policies set in place to protect their patients. They should also be aware of instances when their patient's circumstances indicate a need to report to the individual(s) who developed or monitors the infection control program.

Infectious Organisms

The following section provides information on the most common organisms for HAIs by the CDC. This is not an exhaustive list. If you are looking for information on another organism, search for the organism on the CDC website.

Acinetobacter Burkholderia cepacia
Clostridium difficile Clostridium sordellii
Enterobacteriaceae (carbapenem-resistance) Gram-negative bacteria
Hepatitis Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Influenza Klebsiella
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Mycobacterium abscessus
Norovirus Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Staphylococcus aureus Tuberculosis (TB)
Vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE)


Ebola - A Special Case

Ebola is in a category all in its own. You would only be addressing this infection as part of a larger group, so information on this is for interest only. Members would be part of an established team that would guide them.

Guidance for Donning and Doffing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
PPE demonstration was presented at the GNYHA, 1199SEIU, PQU Ebola Education Session. Demonstration performed by Bryan Christensen, MD, CDC’s Domestic Infection Control Team for the Ebola Response and Barbara Smith, RN, BSN, MPA, CIC, Mount Sinai Health System – St. Luke's and Roosevelt Hospitals

Guide to PT PracticeSocious - Hubba Hubba