Skip to main content

PTs, PTAs, and students should understand requirements for supervision and teamwork.

APTA has numerous resources on the appropriate use of personnel.

You should review information on state licensure and practice acts, as the requirements for the use of personnel vary widely from state to state.

When you review the regulations for your state, look carefully at the definitions for the different physical therapy personnel covered and how supervision is defined and applied.

APTA also has several policies related to supervision:

- Levels of Supervision

- Direction and Supervision of the Physical Therapist Assistant

- Interventions Performed Exclusively by Physical Therapists

- The Role of Aides in a Physical Therapy Service

- Student Physical Therapist and Physical Therapist Assistant Provision of Services


Recommended Content

PTA Direction and Supervision Algorithms

May 24, 2020 /

Supervision Under Medicare

Jan 18, 2019

Learn how to stay in compliance with Medicare while providing supervision to students, PTAs, and physical therapy aides.

Four Things to Know About the PT and PTA Relationship

May 1, 2019 / Article


Additional Supervision and Teamwork Content

Study: Use of PTAs, More Therapy Intensity, Associated With Better SNF Outcomes

Jul 28, 2021 / Review

An analysis of SNFs across the country echoes some themes from recent research sponsored by APTA and AOTA.

Working on an Interdisciplinary Team

Oct 7, 2020 /

Heidi Moyer, PT, DPT, shares what she’s learned through her years working on teams and gives tips for successful team work.

PT and PTA Teams

Aug 25, 2020 /

APTA Outstanding PT-PTA Team Award winners Christine Davidson, PT, DPT, and Nanako Barry, PTA, CBIS, share their model for success and answer your questions.

When Life Throws You Curves – Defining Moment

Mar 25, 2020 /

A physical therapist with scoliosis helps others with the condition. By April Gerard, PT

A Direct Challenge

Oct 1, 2019 / Column

When general supervision is legal but problematic.