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CMS wants to implement a flawed payment differential plan for PTAs without any attempt to mitigate the damage. We can't let that happen.

The Issue

Beginning Jan. 1, 2022, payment for outpatient therapy services furnished by PTAs was reduced to 85% of the Medicare Fee Schedule. This cut, harmful by itself, is happening in addition to other cuts to the fee schedule. Patients are at risk of losing access to therapy services, just as we fight our way back from a pandemic that has increased patient need for those services and challenged the financial stability of providers.

Why It Matters

PTAs play a crucial role in the PT-PTA team and help bridge the gap in access to care. The 2022 PTA payment differential ignores that reality. Instead, the differential makes it harder for this access to be provided and threatens physical therapy businesses, particularly in rural and underserved areas. Absent action by Congress, the PTA payment differential will increase the economic instability of providers who serve Medicare beneficiaries.

Our Position

The American Physical Therapy Association supports the Stabilizing Medicare Access to Rehabilitation and Therapy Act — SMART Act (H.R. 5536). This bipartisan legislation would mitigate the impact of the impending 15% cut under Medicare Part B when services are provided by a physical therapist assistant. H.R. 5536 was introduced by Reps. Bobby Rush, D-Ill., and Jason Smith, R-Mo.

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Check out more info on the PTA Differential issue on the Fee Schedule page

Amy Owens, APTA Member


COVID-19 has increased staff dropout in areas of health professions that already had a high need. The differential will only make this problem worse and decrease the quality of services as older, more experienced PTAs leave or lose their jobs.
Amy Owens, PT


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