Skip to main content


What it measures:

The Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) is a tool used to assess delirium among patients in the intensive care unit.  It is an adaptation of the CAM which was originally developed to allow non-psychiatrists to assess delirium at bedside.  The CAM-ICU tool assesses four features: (1) the acute onset of mental status changes, or a fluctuating course (Feature 1), (2) inattention (Feature 2), (3) altered levels of consciousness (Feature 3), and (4) disorganized thinking (Feature 4). CAM-ICU is positive if a patient manifests features 1 and 2, plus either feature 3 or 4 (Han et al, 2014).

Target Population:

The CAM-ICU has been utilized in patient populations who are critically ill both with and without mechanical ventilation (Ely, et al, 2001a).  This summary contains information on the use of the CAM-ICU in patients in early rehab in the ICU.

You Might Also Like...


European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation

Nov 5, 2020

The European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015 provide specific instructions for how resuscitation should be practiced and take into


American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care - 2020

Oct 21, 2020

Provides updates in technology and scientific knowledge to effectively translate the science of resuscitation into clinical care and improved


Venous Thromboembolism in Over 16s: Reducing the Risk of Hospital-acquired Deep Vein Thrombosis or Pulmonary Embolism [NICE CG92]

Aug 13, 2019

This guideline presents recommendations for the care and management of adult (age 25-44 years) inpatients at risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT).