Skip to main content


What it measures:

The Hoehn and Yahr Scale, a widely recognized clinical tool that describes broad categories of motor dysfunction in Parkinson disease (PD), is typically administered by neurologists or movement disorder specialists. While physical therapists and other allied health professionals might use the scale to inform their treatment planning and communicate with a multidisciplinary team, they usually rely on the diagnosis and staging provided by the physician.

Target Population:

People with Parkinson disease (PD)

Clinical Insights 

This categorical scale primarily focuses on motor symptoms, including postural instability and activity limitation, while leaving nonmotor symptoms of PD unassessed. For this reason, the scale is used to provide demographical information and can help to define inclusion and exclusion criteria in research, but has largely been replaced by the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale as an outcome measure of treatment efficiency.1

You Might Also Like...


APTA: Physical Therapist Management of Parkinson Disease Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG+)

Apr 1, 2022

Related Resources Parkinson Disease CPG Toolkit Pocket Guide  Podcast: Parkinson CPG Knowledge Translation CPG+ Appraisal Rating 6 out of 7 (How was this


The First Global Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Guidelines for People Living With Disability

Jan 3, 2021

This guideline presents 10 areas for advancing inclusive practice in physical activity and sedentary behavior for people living with disability.


Canadian Guideline for Parkinson Disease

Sep 9, 2019

Patients in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease should be referred to a physical therapist who has experience with the disease for assessment, education,