Tuesday, February 13, 2018 CMS Issues Coding, Other Details on Supervised Exercise Therapy for Peripheral Artery Disease US Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has released details on how it will process claims made as a result of its decision to cover supervised exercise therapy (SET) in the treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The expansion covers physician-referred SET for up to thirty-six 30- to 60-minute sessions over a 12-week period. The sessions must be conducted in a physician's office or outpatient facility, and must be delivered by "qualified auxiliary personnel" that includes physical therapists, nurses, and exercise physiologists. Supervision is to be conducted by a physician or "non–physician practitioner"—a physician assistant, or nurse practitioner/clinical nurse specialist. Although CMS announced the change in May 2017, it only recently released the nuts-and-bolts around provider coding and claims processing for Medicare Administrative Contractors (MACs). Details are available from 3 resources: A Medicare Learning Network "Medicare Matters" posting on the changes A CMS update to the Medicare Claims Processing Manual A CMS update to the Medicare National Coverage Determinations publication To receive coverage for SET, Medicare beneficiaries with PAD must have a face-to-face visit with a physician and be referred for the program. The physician visit must also include education on cardiovascular disease and PAD risk reduction. Medicare Administrative Contractors can allow for more sessions or a second set of 36 sessions, but these additional sessions require another referral.