Skip to main content


What it measures:

Both the Ashworth Scale (AS) and Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) are used to assess spasticity.

Target Population:

The AS and MAS have been utilized in the following populations: stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, pediatric hypertonia, and central nervous system lesions. This summary contains information on use of this test in patients or clients with spinal cord injury (SCI).

The Spinal Cord Injury EDGE Task Force of the Neurology Section of APTA does not recommend AS. The task force classifies MAS as reasonable to use, but there is limited study in the population of individuals with SCI.

You Might Also Like...

Clinical Summary

Clinical Summary of Functional Movement Disorders

Jan 13, 2022

Functional movement disorders (FMD) are characterized by a sudden onset of neurological symptoms resulting in abnormal involuntary movements with symptom

Clinical Summary

Cerebellar Dysfunction Clinical Summary

Dec 9, 2021


A Clinical Practice Guideline for the Use of Ankle-Foot Orthoses and Functional Electrical Stimulation Post-Stroke (CPG+)

Apr 1, 2021

This guideline provides evidence on the effects of ankle-foot orthoses and functional electrical stimulation post-stroke.