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What it measures:

Change in gross motor function over time. There are several versions; GMFM-88 has been validated for use in children with Down syndrome. (Russell et al, 1998).

Target Population:

Children with Down syndrome

From Russell et al: "The 'reported' scores on the GMFM demonstrated better evidence of reliability, validity, and responsiveness than the standard scoring method and this approach is recommended for use when assessing children with DS."

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Clinical Summary

Down Syndrome (DS)

Dec 29, 2013

PTs improve quality of life for people with DS by helping them increase their motor skills, muscle strength, and joint stability; incorporate healthy lifestyle

Test & Measure

Sharp-Purser Test (SPT)

Used in clinical practice to help diagnose atlantoaxial instability (AAI).

Test & Measure

Overall Disability Sum Score (ODSS) and Overall Neuropathy Limitations Scale (ONLS)

Measures the degree to which an individual is able to perform upper extremity and lower extremity functional activities.