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What it measures:

  • HADS screens for anxiety and depression in all adults over the age of 16.
  • The questionnaire includes two subscales, one for anxiety (HADS-A) and one for depression (HADS-D).
  • The summed score, HADS total, is seen as a global measure of psychological distress.1

ICF Domain(s):

  • Body Function and Structures           

ICF Categories:

  • Emotional Functions - b152
  • Contextual factors
    • Personal factors

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Test & Measure

Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)

Assesses the extent of catastrophic thinking due to low back pain according to three components: rumination, magnification, and helplessness.