Skip to main content

Summary

What it measures:

The PAINAD objectively measures (0-2 scale) 5 common nonverbal pain expressions: breathing, negative vocalization, facial expressions, body language, and ability to console.(1) It can be used to identify observed signs of nonverbal pain.(1) It can be used to measure changes in pain expressions to assess the effectiveness of pain-abating interventions.(2)

Target Population:

Women and men(3,4)

Ages 22-101(5,6)

Adults with and without dementia(7)

Different settings (eg, acute, long-term care)(3,4,8)

Different countries (eg, Italy, the Netherlands, Germany, Singapore)(3,9-11)

Different languages (eg Italian, Dutch, German, Mandarin, Spanish)(3,9,10,12,13)

Cognitive and Mental Health Special Interest Group: Academy of Geriatric Physical Therapy (AGPT)

 

Dementia work group: AGPT


You Might Also Like...

CPG

Dementia: Assessment, Management and Support for People Living With Dementia and Their Carers [NG97]

May 31, 2018

This guideline provides recommendations related to diagnosis and management of patients with dementia.

CPG

Practice Guideline Update: Mild Cognitive Impairment

Jan 15, 2018

This guideline provides recommendations related to the diagnosis and management of patients with mild cognitive impairment.

Clinical Summary

Dementia

May 29, 2017

PTs work with patients with dementia to address mobility and strength limitations, minimize fall risk factors, and enhance the patient’s quality of life.