Skip to main content


What it measures:

Various functional abilities related to sitting balance, such as "sitting unsupported with eyes closed," "turning to look behind over left and right shoulders when sitting," and "picking up objects from the floor while sitting unsupported on foam." 11 items; 4-point Likert scale (0=worse performance, 4=best performance) (Medley & Thompson, 2011)

Target Population:

Frail older people

SBS is relatively new; future studies using a larger sample size are needed.

SBS may be comparable to TIS for measuring sitting balance in older adults who are nonambulatory or have limited mobility.

This test was identified by APTA's Section on Geriatrics and Home Health Section for use in functional limitation reporting.

You Might Also Like...


Role of Physical Therapists in the Management of Individuals at Risk for or Diagnosed With Venous Thromboembolism: Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline 2022 (CPG+)

May 13, 2022

This update of a 2016 guideline provides assistance to physical therapists in the decision-making process when treating patients at risk for venous thromboembolism


Vestibular Rehabilitation for Peripheral Vestibular Hypofunction: An Updated Clinical Practice Guideline From the Academy of Neurologic Physical Therapy of the American Physical Therapy Association (CPG+)

Apr 1, 2022

Updated guidelines on how to optimize rehabilitation outcomes for persons with peripheral vestibular hypofunction undergoing vestibular rehabilitation.


Physical Therapist Management of Parkinson Disease: A Clinical Practice Guideline from the American Physical Therapy Association (CPG+)

Apr 1, 2022

Related Resources Parkinson Disease CPG Toolkit Pocket GuideĀ  Podcast: Parkinson CPG Knowledge Translation CPG+ Appraisal Rating 6 out of 7 (How was this